It [victory over mind] is close to those with intense desire. Download 1.21 Audio RecitationAudio Recitation by D.C. Rao, Phd
tīvra intense; steadfast saṃvegānām possessive case of saṃvega saṃ complete; full vega speed Together the word saṃvega means thoughts, feelings, aspirations, desire, ambition—all at full speed āsannaḥ in close proximity
It is very close to those who are charged with the highest degree of intense desire, and even that intensity could be mild, intermediate, or supreme. Download 1.22 Audio RecitationAudio Recitation by D.C. Rao, Phd
mṛdu mild; soft; tender madhya intermediate adhimātratvāt dative of adhimātratva, the highest level; utmost; unprecedented; supreme
tato'pi = tataḥ + apitataḥ due to that; for that reason; thereafter api also
viśeṣaḥ special; distinction; outstanding
A burning desire to attain mastery over the mind is the first—and most essential—attribute of a seeker.
Behind any accomplishment there is always a force—desire.
Here, Patanjali invests two sutras simply to inform us that we must have a strong desire to achieve mastery over the mind and its modifications. Remember, sutra form demands that every word be absolutely essential—using even one extra word compromises the value of the text. Patanjali could have compressed the content of these two sutras into one word, mumukṣūṇām (those who intensely desire freedom), appended it to the previous sutra, and saved space. But he did not make a mistake. By dedicating two full sutras to this point, Patanjali emphasizes the crucial importance of the desire for attaining victory over the mind. This cannot be given; it can only be earned.
Behind any accomplishment there is always a force—desire. The strength of your desire determines how easily you will attain your goal. It determines how easy it will be to overcome obstacles when they arise and indicates what kind of aspirant you are.
The lowest grade aspirants are those whose desire to gain selfmastery and attain victory over the mind and its modifications has sparked a curiosity to explore that possibility. This is a mild degree of desire, and it can be extinguished quite easily by fear of failure. The spark is too small to propel them forward. Such people know the value of achieving the higher goal of life; they wish to attain it, but they do not have enough motivation to really start. They enjoy daydreaming. The intermediate grade of aspirants are those endowed with a higher degree of intense desire, but one that is still not powerful enough to carry them through. They start their quest with great enthusiasm, but when confronted with obstacles they drop it in disappointment.
The highest grade aspirants are those endowed with a supremely intense desire—a desire that has consumed all other desires. Such aspirants see nothing other than the goal and will settle for nothing other than what they have set out to achieve. This is a burning desire; it is a smokeless fire that consumes all obstacles, including fear of death. For aspirants of this category, the goal is within arm’s reach. In the language of the mystics, "Turn your face, you are there."